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The Strong (vocalic) declension

a-declension

  • Pure a-stems
pure a-stems
Case Masculine Neuter
SingularPluralSingularPlural
Nomimativetagtagā, -awortwort
Accusativetagtagā, -awortwort
Genitivetages (-as)tagowortes (-as)worto
Dativetage (-a)tagum, -om;
-un, -on
worte (-a)wortum, -om;
-un, -on
Instrumentaltagu (-o) wortu (-o) 

Like tag are declined most OHG masculine nouns, e.g. bërg mountain, wëg way, geist spirit, himil heaven, tiufal devil, kuning king, etc.

Like wort are declined barn child, sēr pain, swërt sword, honag honey, zwīfal doubt, etc. Here belong also the diminutives in -īn and -līn, as magatīn little maid, fingarlīn little finger, except that the Upper German dialects retain the -n in the gen. and dat. only, and that the nom., acc. pl. end in -iu in Alemanic.

  • ja-stems
ja-stems
Case Masculine Neuter
SingularPluralSingularPlural
Nomimativehirtihirte; hirtā, -akunnikunni
Accusativehirtihirte; hirtā, -akunnikunni
Genitivehirteshirteo, -io; hirtokunneskunneo, -io; kunno
Dative(hirties);
hirte
hirtum, -un, -on;
hirtim, -in
(kunnie);
kunne
kunnum, -un, -on;
-kunnim, -in
Instrumentalhirtiu; hirtu, -o kunniu; kunnu, -o 

Like hirti are declined the nomina agentis ending in -āri (-ari, -eri), as wahtāri (wahtari, wahteri) watchman, lērāri teacher, scrībari wruter, scribe; as also karkāri prison, altāri altar, and a few others, rucki back, phuzzi, puzzi well, kāsi cheese.

Like kunni are declined very many neuters, as enti end, rīchi kingdom, betti bed, gizungi language, finstarnessi darkness, heri army, gen. heries, dat. sg. herie, herige.

  • wa-stems
wa-stems
Case Masculine Neuter
SingularPluralSingularPlural
Nomimativesnēo, snēsnēwā, -akneokneo
Accusativesnēo, snēsnēwā, -akneokneo
Genitivesnēwessnēwoknëwesknëwo
Dativesnēwesnēwum, -un, -onknëweknëwum, -un, -on

To this declension belong the masculines lēo grave, sēo sea, (gen. būwes) dwelling, and the neuters rēo corpse, zëso right side, smëro grease.

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